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Friday, 24 May 2013

History Jamnagar ( Guajrat )

Chaurasi  Samaj Kadva Patidar
History Jamnagar ( Guajrat )
Jamnagar

Jamnagar
As per Records, Jam Rawalji built Jamnagar in around A.D. 1519. Kshatriyas of Jadeja empire of Kutchh, crossed little Rann of Kutch with an army, defeated Jethwas, Dedas, Chavadas and formed Navanagar State. The region was called Halar from the name of Halaji, Son of Gajan, the ancestor of Jadeja Empire .

The historians say that Jam Rawalji built the arched gate of Jamnagar in approximately 1519 AD. The Kshatriyas of the Jadeja dynasty came from the Kutch along with their army by crossing the small desert from the Kutch border, established the Navanagar state by defeating the Jethva, Deda, Chavda and Wadher branches of Rajput. This region was named as Halar on the name of Halaji, the son of Gajan, the predecessor of the Jadeja dynasty and since then, this region is known as Halar.

The boundary of the ancient Halar state is comprised of the gulf and desert of Kutch on the north, Desert of Okha Madhi and the Arabian Sea on the west, the princely states of Rajkot, Dhrol, and Gondal and Sorath region on the east. The climate of Halar is temperate. Being situated under the effect of the winds flowing from the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Kutch, the temperature here remains low. Consequently, the atmosphere during the mid-summer also remains pleasant. Wind - speed here generally remains from 50 to 55 KMPH. Navanagar means a big princely state of Halar region in Kathiyawad and Navanagar means today’s Jamnagar.

Looking to the history of construction of the ancient Navanagar, this town seems to be founded on confluence of the river Nagmati and Rangmati. The confluence point of the river Nagmati and the Ranmati always kept changing. Before foundation of the Navanagar, sea shore was there at the present confluence point of these two rivers and there was a prosperous port of ‘Nagna’ or ‘Nagnes’. Mainly the sea exploring communities like Bhoi, Kharva, Koli, Vagher were hebitating in the village adjacent to the port. Jam Rawal won this port by killing the Ruler Nag Jethva of the Jethva dynasty. It appears that this port might have been survived for a long time and its trade was also going on even after Jam Rawal won this port.
The historians believe that this port might have named as Nagna or Nagnes due to the river Nagmati. Because Nag Jethva, the Jethva ruler, was not such a dominant gallant personality, from whose name the port could be named. The Nagnes port, Nageshwar Temple and the Nagmati River seem to have some co-relation. The Bhujang snake and Bhoriyoji’s famous love story also appears well consistent. In Nageshwar, the artistic memorial stone of Nag Devta is still there near the shrine of Mani Nagnath justifying the fact.

Foundation of Navanagar : Jurisdiction of Jam Rawal’s state kept on expanding as he kept on winning more and more regions. Jam Rawal earlier established the capital at Bed and then he shifted the capital to Khambhaliya. As the capital was far away from the Jodiya, Amran and Kalavad regions and as it was difficult to rule, Jam Rawal required establishing a new capital which should be in the middle of the region. So, Jamnagar, as the capital of the Navanagar state, was established on the banks of the river Nagmati and Rangmati on Wednesday, Shravan Sud Aatham, in Vikram Samvat - 1596.

A Volume namely Yaduvansh Prakash refers the establishment of Navanagar on Wednesday, Shravan Sud Satam in Vikram Samvat - 1596. Two or three pillars were planted at the time foundation of the capital. It is believed that of these, two pillars near Darbargadh and the third was planted near Mandvi Tower at present. One of the pillars exists in the Dilavar Cycle Store situated on the Rajendra road and the other one is believed to be in the house of Shri P. H. Sheth near Ram Hotel near the entrance of Darbargadh. The third pillar is presently not seen anywhere.

It is possible that in the initial period of the foundation might have been based upon this third pillar and the construction of the buildings might have been gradually made in the surroundings, extending up to the Mandvi Tower from Darbargadh, the Manek Stamph type pillar might have been planted at the time of laying the foundation. Shri Bhagvanlal Sampatlal, a historical author of Saurashtra, himself wrote in 1861 that Jam established Navanagar town in the month of Shravan at the place of Nagni. Though Jam named his capital as Navanagar, but the people called this city as Nagni only for a long time. Even today, the money changers and traders know this city as Nagni only.  
This way, Jamnagar is as old as about four hundred to four hundred fifty years. So it is not very ancient but not even very modern also. The birth of this city was in the midst of the sixteenth century during the chaotic period prevailing in Gujarat during Humayu’s rule in the beginning period of the Mughal Sultanat.

Dwarka, Girinagar, Junagadh, Vajsthali are more ancient towns compared to Jamnagar. A prosperous town Ghumli, founded in Vikram Samvat 1003 or 1070, has been ruined in the fourteenth century. Towns built and ruins. With Vallabhipur Empire, its prosperous capital like a place of knowledge also ruined, once ruined Girinagar has been restored in the form of Junagadh. Dwarka is called to be established for the seventh time.

Jamnagar is the oldest in the Muslim era of Saurashtra and the cities established there after. Bhuj, Bhavnagar, Gondal, Surendranagar, etc. towns were established after the establishment of Jamnagar.

When the town was founded, it was called as Navinnagar or Navanagar has become popular by the same name. But the people recognise such towns as ‘Nagar’ only in their routine practice. Local people call this city by ‘Nagar’ only in their conversation.


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Published By :-
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{ Jayesh Patel }
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