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Wednesday, 29 May 2013

History Mehsana ( Guajrat )


Chaurasi  Samaj Kadva Patidar
History Mehsana ( Guajrat )

Mehsana

Mehsana
Introduction : If we start with the mythological era then out of the mythological cities found in the present state of Gujarat one is Dwarika on the western sea coast, which was established by Lord Krishna and the other is our Vadanagar ( Aanartnagar or Anandnagar, the capital of the Aanart region ). As per the mythology Sharyati, son of Manuvaivasvat got the south west part of Bharatkhand ( Aryavrat ). Sharyati’s son Aanart established Aanartnagar. This state extended to Shreemal and Bhinnamal regions of Rajasthan including present region of north Gujarat. The capital of Aanart state was Aanartnagar or Anandnagar ( Vadanagar ).

In the “Skandh Purana” this state is shown as the “Hataka Teerth”. As the memorial of it there is a temple of Hatakeshwar Mahadev. Vadnagar has been famous as the education centre. In the olden times its limit extended till Visnagar. It seems that Nagars have been living in this region since the year 226 A. D.It seems that the word Gujarat was arrived at as a corrupt word of the original Sanskrit word ‘Gurjar. At the time the downfall of Gupta dynasty Gurjar leaders came from the north west of the Bharat region through the Sindh and Rajputana (Rajasthan) after getting freedom. As per the historians they used to rule from Sindh to the regions of Rajasthan. During this time in the 3rd and 4th century Kings of Maurya dynasty ruled over the Kathiyavad and in Junagadh the governor appointed by Ashoka used to rule. After Ashoka, Saurashtra – Gurjar Rashtra came under control of Greek Bactrian kings.

These kings ruled for hundred years. Thereafter rule of Indo - Parthiyan dynasty started. Out of the kings of that dynasty, Chandragupta Vikramaditya came up to Bharuch and conquered Gujarat – Saurashtra in the year 257 A. D. Bhattark, the commander of the army of Gupta dynasty, established Vallabhi state by colonizing Saurashtra Vallabhpur in the year 340 A. D Still the ruins of the Vallabhipur are found depicting its greatness. In the year 614 A. D. Sethians attacked on Shiladitya, the last king of this dynasty and took control of his kingdom.

One Rajput youth who had fled from Vallabhipur and made Panchasar village his capital, near Sami was spreading his rule in the nearby regions. He was from the Chavada dynasty. In the year 696 the only king of Gurjar Rashtra who fought even after he was beheaded, was the king Jayshikhari Chavada. During this time king Bhuvad of Solanki dynasty ruled over Kannauj. Shankar Barot, who was a poet, praised about the Panchasar state in the court of Bhuvad Solanki. On hearing the greatness and fame of the state of king Jayshikhari, Bhuvad attacked on Panchasar and after killing Jayshikhari took control of Panchasar.

At this time Roopsundari, queen of Jayshikhari, was pregnant. She went towards the hills of Saurashtra and was saved by one Bhil woman. In the forest the queen gave birth to a son on “Vaishakh Sud Poonam”. As the child was born in the forest he was named Vanaraj. When Vanraj was only six months old, some Jain priest came there and got to know about the queen and son of Jayshikhari, he took both of them to his Upashraya. As the time passed, on growing up, with the help of his uncle Surpal, Vanaraj started harassing the Solanki kings to take revenge of his father. In the Vikram Samvat 802 ( year 746 A. D. ), Chaitra Vad – 2 he colonized a village by the name of Anhilvad Patan near Panchasar and made it his capital and started extending the limits of his state. There after his heirs were Vanraj, Yogaraj, Kshemraj, Bhuvad, Virsinh, Ratnaditya, and Samantsinh.

In the Vikram Samvat 998 ( year 942 A. D. ) king Samantsinh of Chavada dynasty was ruling, he was very fond of drinking liquor. He used to throw lemon, if the lemon got caught he would make his nephew Moolraj Solanki sit on the throne and if the lemon fell he would make him get up off the throne. On being insulted repeatedly in the court he could not tolerate and by holding the lemon at the point of the spear, killed his uncle Samantsinh and sat on the throne of Patan. At that time Samantsinh had one son who was 12 years old. Samantsinh’s wife Bhatirani took his son to her parental home, Jaisalmer, because she feared that on knowing about the son of Samantsinh, Moolraj might kill his son Ahipat ( Ahivanraj ) and she will loose her son. With this fear she went to her brother’s shelter. Ahipat or Ahivanraj was brought up at his uncle’s place, Jaisalmer. Ahipat who was brought up at Jaisalmer, was given the honour of Rana and he came to Moregarh in Kutchh where he established his capital ( At present there is no village by the name of Moregarh in Kutchh but the Chavadku pond which was dug by Chavada is still there ) and started ruling over the near by villages.

As the time passed, Ahipat Chavada started plundering against Moolraj Solanki to get his father’s kingdom back and set his impact in Kutchh – Saurashtra and Patan. After Ahipat his son Vikramsinh Chavda set on the throne of Moregarh and repeatedly attacked the Solankis of Patan. Vikramsinh Chavda had eight sons; 1. Vijay Karansinh, 2. Shardulji, 3. Sheshkaranji, 4. Vaghraj, 5. Akheraj, 6. Jetsinh, 7. Karmsinh, 8. Lakhansinh. Out of his eight sons the youngest son Kunvar Lakhansinh set on the throne after Vikramsinh Chavda.Out of two sons of Lakhansinh his younger son Vasantsinhji’s heirs are still in Kutchh.
The heirs of Chavada dynasty kept on ruling on the throne of Moregarh one after the other. Punjaji Chavada, the last king till then, on developing conflicts with the Jadejas of Kutchh left Moregarh and prepared a list of 84 villages in Dharapur village near Vadodara. At that time the last king of Gujarat, King Karansinh Vaghela was ruling there. That time Allauddin Khilji came to conquer Gujarat. He conquered Gujarat and continued the traditional capital of Gujarat and Hindus in Anhilwad Patan. At that time the state of Punjaji Chavada was included in the state of Allauddin Khilji. Allauddin Khilji appointed his brother in law Malek Sanjar with the title of Alpkhan ( Bahadur Khan ). This Alpkhan had later repaired the fort of Kadi. This side because of the loyalty of Punjaji Chavada he made Punjaji Chavada the commander of his army. When Allauddin Khilji was in Anhilwad Patan there were nine Jagirs in existence. When Vihal Plunderer had attacked Patan on getting irritated by the terror of Vihal Plunderer, Allauddin Khilji announced that whoever will kill this plunderer will get the Anhilwad state.

Here the brave and clever Punjaji took the responsibility of catching Vihalvad. He camped in Ambasan along with 16000 soldiers to ruin Vihals and the nine Jagirs of Vihalvad. After killing Dehdil in Dabhala, Mahipal Vihal in Gojharia, Lalvihal in Lodara village, Vachchhraj Vihal in Varsoda village, Akheraj Vihal in Abod village and Uderaj in Anodia village and Udayraj and Dangarava he could win the seven Jagirs. But on failing in defeating Jodhas of Peelvai and Dhandhumal of Vadosan he came back helplessly to Allauddin Khilji at Patan. Here, because Punjaji had won seven Jagirs out of the nine Jagirs, Allauddin Khilji was happy and gifted the whole Vihalvad region to Punjaji. Further he gifted 52 additional villages as a prize. Out of these villages Punjaji Chavada gifted some villages to Bhat – Charans and his assistants. The Gadhavis got Devrasan and Shobhasan from Punjaji Chavada. Punjaji Chavada settled in Ambasan, made it his capital and died after ruling continuously for 46 years of his whole life.

Punjaji Chavada had two sons.
1. Mesaji Chavada
2. Vanveerji Chavada
Mesaji Chavada had constructed the arc gate of Mehsana in Vikram Samvat 1414, Bhadarva Sud Dasam. 
Source :- http://www.nri.gujarat.gov.in




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